Sometimes, it’s good to be reminded of what works and what doesn’t work, whether you’re talking food choices, sleep habits or occupational safety. To give OSH professionals a visual reminder of effective safety practices, Aubrey Daniels International (ADI) has created an infographic that highlights seven safety practices, such as focusing on lagging indicators or discouraging near-miss reporting, that are generally ineffective and what companies might try instead, such as needs-based training and safety coaching. You can view and download the infographic on the ADI website. http://aubreydaniels.com/7-ineffective-safety-practices%03-and-what-do-instead
Near misses happen every day in the workplace. Regardless of their potential for personal injury and property damage, all near misses should be taken seriously and consistently reported. There are many terms which essentially mean the same thing – accident avoidance, close call, mishap or even narrow escape. It doesn’t matter exactly what terminology your business chooses to use when referring to a near miss. What matters is whether everyone understands exactly what constitutes a near miss and why it’s essential to make a record of it so it can be investigated and addressed.
Overcoming barriers to reporting
Many obstacles stand in the way of operating and utilizing an efficient and effective near-miss reporting program:
Fear of blame: Many employees are afraid to report near misses because either they don’t want to admit that they didn’t follow safety procedures or they will be mistakenly accused of doing something wrong. To create a truly effective near-miss reporting program, this stigma must be eliminated.
For near-miss reporting to work well, employers need to create a safe and comfortable atmosphere. The goal is to make employees so comfortable about the process that they report them as easily and freely as they would report a garbage can is full or a light bulb is burned out. Blame cannot be part of the equation – period.
Incoherent indifference: Another enemy of effective reporting is indifference. When a near miss occurs, some employees may question whether the situation was substantial enough to be recorded. When this happens, employees often simply disregard the event. This mindset can be lethal to a near-miss reporting program.
Hazards that are overlooked or dismissed as minor are lost opportunities for valuable insight. Employees should be trained on the importance of reporting each and every near miss. A clear definition should be provided on what constitutes a near miss, including any situation that appears to be “unsafe.” Once employees understand the importance of reporting and are clear on the definition of what defines a near miss, they will feel confident about their judgment and empowered to report.
Lack of supervisor support: Employees usually follow their direct supervisor’s instructions in most job-related situations. If a supervisor does not treat near-miss reporting as a priority, there is a good chance their personnel won’t either. Supervisors need to encourage this type of reporting and set an example by reporting near misses themselves. When employees know that their supervisors are completely on board with near-miss reporting, it is easier for them to feel comfortable to report, as well.
Near-miss reporting is a critical component of any well-organized and effective safety program. Over time, near-miss programs have been shown to save millions of dollars in medical care and equipment replacement costs. More importantly, they save lives.
Reporting near misses should not just be considered an “extra” thing or something the employee is ashamed or embarrassed to do. Instead, employees should feel proud that they are part of an effective process of prevention and incident management and thanked for their proactive safety behaviors.
Nail salons are mostly small businesses that employ or contract with trained professionals to provide clients with nail services including, but not limited to, nail filing and polishing, artificial nail application, and other hand- and foot-care treatments.
The more than 375,000 nail technicians working in salons across the United States face possible health hazards every day. The hazards include exposure to chemicals from glues, polishes, removers, and other salon products; muscle strains from awkward positions or repetitive motions; and risk of infection from contact with client skin, nails, or blood.
Information on nail salon hazards and preventing illness and injury is also available for workers in OSHA’s publication “Stay Healthy and Safe While Giving Manicures and Pedicures: A Guide for Nail Salon Workers” (PDF* | EPUB** | MOBI**)
This publication is also available in:
- Spanish (PDF* | EPUB** | MOBI**)
- Vietnamese (PDF* | EPUB** | MOBI**)
- Korean (PDF* | EPUB** | MOBI**)1
- Nepali (PDF*)
This web page gives important information about these hazards and the steps that nail salon workers and employers can take to prevent injuries and illnesses.
|Chemicals Used in Nail Salons||Muscle Strains from Awkward Body Positions and Repetitive Work||Preventing Disease|
|Nail polishes, glues, and other products used in nail salons may contain the following chemicals, among others:
Without taking the correct safety precautions each day, these chemicals can cause breathing problems; red, irritated eyes; dry, cracked skin; and other health problems. More…
|Working in certain positions or repeating the same motion puts stress on a worker’s body and can cause aches and pains. These hazards are often called “ergonomic” hazards.Aches and pains can be caused by bending over a work table for a long period of time; resting hands, wrists, forearms and/or elbows against hard surfaces or sharp edges of work tables; and using repetitive movements like filing and buffing nails. More…||Nail salon workers can be exposed to biological hazards if they come into contact with infected skin, nails, or blood from a co-worker or client.Diseases that can result from exposure to infected blood include hepatitis and AIDS. Nail salon workers can also get fungal infections, such as athlete’s foot, from clients. More…|
Department of Labor Blog Post, (2015)
Brady’s latest infographic encourages viewers to conduct a lockout/tagout scavenger hunt in their facilities. “It’s one thing to talk about the components needed for lockout tagout, it’s another to get out on the floor and locate them,” says Brady’s Tim Bandt, noting that the infographic is an effective way to make sure employees are familiar with a site’s lockout/tagout program and related tools. “This infographic helps employers evaluate their program and determine if there are any gaps to improve on.” The infographic includes a series of questions to guide users on a site walk through to find six important elements of a lockout/tagout program. Download PDF file of the above sign below and check your facility today. Great for employee involvement!
Bridge Strikes & GPS
Why is FMCSA concerned about bridge strikes?
Why is FMCSA concerned about truck and bus drivers’ use of GPS navigation systems?
What is the penalty for failing to comply with a posted route restriction along a roadway?
What tips is FMCSA providing for the safe use of GPS navigation systems?
What actions will FMCSA take to address the problem of bridge strikes?
May a commercial motor vehicle be penalized for failing to comply with a posted route restriction, such as a sign along a roadway?
How often do trucks crash into bridges or have other incidents related to the use of navigation systems intended for passenger car drivers?
For more information, see the FMCSA information below: